Construction is a significant and complex industry that involves a wide range of risks. Builders risk and CGL insurance is two types of insurance policies that provide coverage for construction projects. Builders risk insurance covers losses and damages that occur during construction, such as theft, vandalism, and damage caused by natural disasters. CGL insurance, on the other hand, covers third-party bodily injury and property damage claims resulting from construction activities. In this blog, we will understand in-depth about the Construction Builders' Risk and CGL Insurance.

Understanding Construction Insurance

Construction projects involve a great deal of risk, and it is crucial to protect the project and the people involved from potential losses. To do so, construction insurance is necessary. Construction insurance is a type of insurance that covers property damage, bodily injury, and other risks that may arise during a construction project.

Types of Construction Insurance

There are various types of construction insurance policies available, including builders, risk policies, and general liability insurance. A builders' risk policy covers damage to the structure being built, including materials, equipment, and tools. General liability insurance, on the other hand, covers third-party claims for bodily injury or property damage that may occur during construction.

Importance of Risk Management

Risk management is an essential aspect of construction projects. Proper risk management helps to identify and assess potential risks and take appropriate measures to mitigate them. Risk management can include safety measures, quality control, and insurance coverage.

Role of Insurance in Construction Projects

Insurance plays a critical role in construction projects. It provides financial protection against potential losses and liabilities. Insurance coverage can help to minimize the financial impact of accidents, damage, and other unforeseen events. It can also help to ensure that the project is completed on time and within budget.

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Builders Risk Insurance Explained

Builders risk insurance, also known as course of construction insurance, is a type of property insurance that provides coverage for buildings and structures that are under construction or renovation. This insurance policy protects the owner, contractor, and subcontractors from financial losses due to damage or loss of the insured property.

Coverage Scope

Builders' risk insurance provides coverage for a wide range of risks that may occur during the construction process. This includes damage or loss caused by fire, theft, vandalism, wind, hail, lightning, and other perils. The policy may also cover soft costs, such as design fees, legal fees, and interest on loans, as well as temporary structures, scaffolding, and equipment.

Policyholders and Insurable Interests

The policyholder for builders' risk insurance is typically the owner of the property being built or renovated. However, contractors and subcontractors may also have an insurable interest in the project and may purchase their builder's risk insurance policy. It is important to note that all parties with an insurable interest must be listed on the policy to ensure that they are covered in case of a loss.

Common Exclusions

While builders' risk insurance provides broad coverage, some common exclusions are not covered under the policy. This includes damage or loss caused by earthquakes, floods, and war. Additionally, the policy may not cover faulty workmanship or materials, or losses that occur after the project is completed.

Commercial General Liability (CGL) Insurance

Commercial General Liability (CGL) insurance is a type of third-party insurance that provides liability coverage to businesses against a range of risks. It is one of the most common types of insurance purchased by businesses as it covers a wide range of potential liability claims.

CGL Coverage Basics

CGL insurance provides coverage for bodily injury and property damage claims that arise out of the insured's business operations. This coverage includes legal defense costs, settlements, and judgments for covered claims.

Standard Exclusions and Exceptions

CGL insurance policies typically have standard exclusions and exceptions that limit coverage. For example, intentional acts, pollution, and certain types of professional services are often excluded from coverage.

Additional Insured Endorsements

An additional insured endorsement is a provision that extends coverage to someone other than the named insured. This endorsement is often used in construction projects where multiple parties are involved.

For example, a general contractor may require their subcontractors to name them as an additional insured on their CGL policy. This provides the general contractor with additional protection if a claim arises out of the subcontractor's work.

Claims and Disputes

Filing a Claim

When an incident occurs, the policyholder should file a claim with their insurance company as soon as possible. The claim should detail the event and any damages incurred. The insurance company will then investigate the claim and determine whether the policy covers the damages. If the claim is approved, the insurance company will pay for the damages up to the policy limit.

Coverage Disputes

Coverage disputes may arise when the insurance company denies a claim or provides less coverage than the policyholder expected. In such cases, the policyholder may dispute the insurance company's decision. The policyholder should carefully review their policy and the reasons for the denial or reduced coverage. If the policyholder believes the insurance company made a mistake, they may need to provide additional documentation to support their claim.

Liability Disputes

Liability disputes may arise when multiple parties are involved in an incident, and it is unclear who is responsible for the damages. In such cases, the insurance company may need to determine who is liable and how much they should pay. The policyholder should work closely with their insurance company to provide any necessary information or documentation to help resolve the dispute.

Construction-related disputes may also arise, such as disputes over the quality of work performed or delays in completing the project. In such cases, the policyholder may need to file a claim with their builder's risk or CGL insurance policy, depending on the nature of the dispute.

Risk Factors and Protections

Natural Disasters

Construction sites are often exposed to natural disasters such as fire, hail, earthquake, flood, and wind. These events can cause significant damage to the property and delay the construction project. Builders risk insurance provides coverage for these types of losses. It can also cover the cost of debris removal and cleanup after the event.

Theft and Vandalism

Construction sites are also vulnerable to theft and vandalism. Materials and equipment left on the site can be stolen or damaged, causing delays and financial losses. Builders risk insurance can provide coverage for theft and vandalism, protecting the property owner from financial losses.

Faulty Workmanship and Design

Faulty workmanship and design can also cause significant losses to the property owner. If the construction project is not done correctly, it can result in expensive repairs and delays. General liability insurance, also known as CGL insurance, can provide coverage for these types of losses. It can cover the cost of repairing or replacing the damaged property and any resulting legal fees.

Financial Implications

Calculating Premiums

When it comes to Construction Builders Risk and CGL insurance, the premiums are calculated based on various factors such as the size of the project, location, type of construction, and the value of the property. The premium for a policy is usually a percentage of the total construction cost, which can vary from one insurer to another. It is important to note that the premium for a policy can be affected by the risk factors involved in the project. For example, if the project is located in an area prone to natural disasters, the premium will be higher.

Economic Losses Covered

Construction Builders Risk and CGL insurance can provide coverage for various economic losses that may occur during the construction process. These losses can include real estate taxes, rental income, lost sales, and interest on loans. The policy can also provide coverage for any damage caused by natural disasters, theft, or vandalism. It is important to note that the policy may not cover all types of losses, and it is essential to read the policy carefully to understand what is covered.

When it comes to construction projects, contractual and legal considerations are crucial to ensure that all parties involved are protected in case of any mishaps or disputes. This section will discuss some of the key considerations related to Construction Builders Risk and CGL insurance.

Contractual Requirements

Contracts play a critical role in the construction industry, as they define the scope of work, timelines, and responsibilities of all parties involved. It is important to ensure that the contract includes clear provisions related to insurance coverage, such as the type and amount of coverage required, and who is responsible for obtaining and maintaining the coverage.

Indemnity and Liability

Indemnity and liability provisions are also critical in construction contracts. Indemnity clauses outline who will be responsible for any damages or losses that occur during the project, while liability provisions define the extent to which each party is liable for damages or losses that occur.

Professional Liability Insurance

Professional liability insurance is another important consideration in construction contracts, particularly for architects, engineers, and other design professionals. This type of insurance provides coverage for claims arising from errors or omissions in professional services provided by these professionals.

Best Practices for Builders and Developers

Selecting the Right Insurance

When selecting insurance, builders and developers should consider the type and scope of the construction project. Builders' risk insurance covers damage or loss to the building during construction, while commercial general liability (CGL) insurance covers third-party injuries and property damage. It's important to choose the right coverage to avoid gaps in protection.

Negotiating with Brokers and Insurers

Builders and developers should negotiate with brokers and insurers to get the best coverage at the best price. They should provide accurate information about the construction project to the broker or insurer to help them assess the risk and provide an accurate quote.

Builders and developers should also ask about discounts or bundle packages to save money on insurance. They should compare quotes from multiple providers to ensure they are getting the best deal.


In conclusion, construction builders need to have both builders' risk and commercial general liability (CGL) insurance policies in place to protect themselves against various risks and liabilities. These policies cover different aspects of construction projects and provide coverage for critical challenges such as loss history, hurricanes, disposal, and pollutant cleanup.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Construction Builders Risk Insurance?

Construction Builders Risk Insurance covers property damage during construction, including theft, vandalism, and natural disasters. It safeguards your project, ensuring financial protection against unforeseen events.

  1. Why is Builders Risk Insurance essential for construction projects?

Builders Risk Insurance is crucial because it shields developers, contractors, and property owners from financial losses due to construction site risks, helping ensure the project's timely completion without major financial setbacks.

  1. What does Commercial General Liability (CGL) Insurance cover in construction?

CGL Insurance protects against third-party bodily injury or property damage claims arising from construction activities. It's a fundamental coverage for liability risks on the construction site.

  1. How do these insurances complement each other?

Builders Risk and CGL Insurance work together seamlessly; while Builders Risk covers property damage, CGL safeguards against liability, offering comprehensive protection for construction projects.

  1. Can I customize my coverage for Construction Builders Risk and CGL Insurance?

Yes, policies are customizable based on project needs. Tailoring coverage ensures that you pay for the specific risks relevant to your construction project, providing a flexible and cost-effective solution.