In the dynamic world of construction and contracting, every project undertaken is a testament to precision, craftsmanship, and dedication. General contractors, often referred to as the backbone of the construction industry, coordinate an ensemble of skills, materials, and labor to bring ambitious architectural visions to life. Yet, amid the hustle and bustle of building dreams, there exists a need for a safety net – a shield that protects not just the structures, but also the builders themselves.

Enter General Liability Insurance also known as CGL insurance, a cornerstone of risk management for general contractors. In this article, we go deep into the intricate world of General Liability Insurance, exploring its critical importance, coverage essentials, and the invaluable peace of mind it offers to those who craft our world, one brick at a time. Whether you are a seasoned contractor or an aspiring builder, join us on this journey to uncover how this insurance can be your trusted partner in the ever-evolving landscape of construction.

Let’s start our journey with the basics!

What is commercial general liability insurance?

Commercial General Liability Insurance, also termed CGL insurance, is a type of insurance that shields businesses from legal liabilities arising from claims of damage to property, bodily harm, or personal injuries incurred by third parties because of the routine operations of the businesses. CGL insurance essentially combines public liability and product liability to provide total protection against third-party liabilities. Public liability insurance covers the costs associated with loss or damage to third persons who are on the insured premises. Your business is shielded from liability by product liability insurance in the event that a risky or defective product harms a user, consumer, or other third parties.

Legal fees, compensation, and settlements awarded to the plaintiff by the court as well as any additional costs paid by the insured in fighting the claim are all covered by the policy. The type of business, size, and level of coverage required are among the variables that can affect a CGL policy's premium.

Why is general liability insurance important for general contractors?

As a contractor, you should be aware that mishaps can occur on the construction site at any time. Unexpected events, ranging from property damage to personal injuries, can cut a deep hole in your pockets. No matter what kind of installation or construction business you operate, general liability insurance can shield you from legal actions stemming from the scenarios. It's usually a smart idea to have commercial general liability insurance coverages because they shield your business from legal action and pricey settlements that may otherwise cut a big chunk of what you have worked so hard for.

Commercial general liability insurance is frequently purchased by contractors to defend them against third-party claims for:

• Monetary loss because of property damage

• Injuries to clients and other parties. For instance, your client might break his leg if he trips over a power cable or falls on a wet floor in your workspace.

• Damage to one's reputation. Suppose your rival claims that one of your commercials has harmed the reputation of the company.

• A third party is harmed because of your product installation or building activity.

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What coverages can general liability insurance provide for general contractors?

General Liability Insurance provides crucial coverage for general contractors, protecting them from various risks and liabilities that can arise in the construction industry. Here are some of the key coverages that a General Liability Insurance policy can provide for general contractors:

  1. Bodily Injury Coverage

This coverage protects you if someone (a customer or any third person) is injured on the construction site due to your actions or negligence. It can help cover medical expenses, legal fees, and potential settlements or judgments. Please note that this policy does not cover employee injuries. For that, you will need to purchase Workers’ Compensation (WC) insurance.

2. Property Damage Coverage

If a third-party property (belonging to your customers or clients ) gets damaged during the course of your work, this coverage can help pay for the necessary repairs or replacements. For instance, if a client's expensive furniture is broken during remodeling, your general liability policy may cover the cost of replacing or repairing it. This policy may also cover the expense of a lawsuit if a client decides to sue you for property damage.

3. Products and Completed Operations Coverage

This coverage is essential for contractors as it protects against liability claims arising from work you've completed. It covers issues that may emerge after a project is finished, such as faulty construction or defects that lead to property damage or injuries.

4. Personal and Advertising Injury Coverage

This covers claims related to slander, libel, copyright infringement, or other forms of personal or advertising injury. It can be valuable in situations where your advertising or promotional materials inadvertently harm another party's reputation.

5. Medical Payments Coverage

This coverage helps pay for minor medical expenses incurred by someone who is injured on your construction site, even if you are not legally liable for the injury. It can be used to cover medical bills promptly and avoid lawsuits.

What coverages are excluded in General Liability Insurance for general contractors?

The coverage exclusions in General Liability Insurance policies for general contractors can vary depending on the insurance company and the policy's terms and conditions. However, here are some common exclusions typically found in these policies:

  1. Professional Liability: General Liability Insurance usually does not cover claims related to professional errors or negligence. Contractors may need a separate Professional Liability Insurance policy (also known as Errors and Omissions Insurance) to cover these types of claims.

2. Employee Injuries: General Liability Insurance usually excludes coverage for injuries to your own employees. Contractors should have separate workers' compensation insurance to cover injuries to employees while they are on the job.

3. Auto Accidents: General Liability Insurance typically excludes coverage for accidents involving company-owned vehicles. Commercial Auto Insurance is needed to cover these incidents.

4. Intentional Acts: Deliberate or intentional acts of the insured that result in harm or damage are typically excluded from coverage. General Liability Insurance is designed to cover accidents and unintended occurrences.

5. Contractual Liability: Some contracts may require the contractor to assume liability beyond what is typically covered by a General Liability policy. These contractual obligations may be excluded unless specifically endorsed.

6. Pollution: Pollution-related claims, including environmental damage, contamination, and cleanup costs, are usually excluded from General Liability Insurance. Contractors may need a separate Pollution Liability Insurance policy for coverage in these situations.

7. Damage to Your Own Property: General Liability Insurance generally doesn't cover damage to your own property, product or work. Property insurance, such as Commercial Property Insurance or Builder's Risk Insurance, is needed for that purpose.

8. Employee Discrimination and Harassment: Claims related to employee discrimination, harassment, or wrongful termination are typically excluded. Employers may need Employment Practices Liability Insurance (EPLI) for coverage in these areas.

9. Warranty Claims: General Liability Insurance usually doesn't cover the cost of repairing or replacing faulty workmanship, which may be covered under a warranty or a separate insurance policy.

The Footnote:

In the challenging terrain of construction, where uncertainties can lurk behind every corner, general liability insurance stands tall as the guardian of your enterprise. In the discussion above, we have observed how General Liability Insurance can shield your business from unforeseen mishaps, protect your hard-earned reputation, and grant you the peace of mind to focus on what you do best – building extraordinary structures. With General Liability Insurance as your trusted companion, you can navigate the complexities of the industry with confidence, knowing that you are fortified against the unexpected. It's not merely a cost but an investment in your future, a lifeline during unforeseen events, and a testament to your professionalism.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What determines the cost of General Liability Insurance (CGL insurance) for general contractors?

The cost of insurance for construction companies and contractors depends upon a few factors, including:

The type of construction and contracting services offered.


Business revenue

Policy limits and deductibles

Claims history

2. What is a claims-made CGL policy?

A claims-made CGL policy only provides general liability coverage when a claim is filed, irrespective of when the claim event happens. This type of liability coverage is helpful for claims where there is a time lapse between the incident and the date the claim is lodged. Please keep in mind, however, that the CGL insurance only covers claims made when the policy is in existence.

3. What type of contractors may need general liability insurance coverage?

This liability coverage may be required for the following types of contractors and construction businesses:

· General contractors, masonry contractors, concrete contractors, excavation contractors, plasterboard contractors, pavement contractors, and permanent yard contractors.

· Plumbers, electricians, painters, carpenters, welders, house inspectors and appliance repair professionals,

· Snow and ice removal companies, debris removal companies, tree service companies, and interior and exterior construction companies.